A fire place plays positive roles in traditional kakwa and keliko children.



Stories told at fire places among the kakwa, keliko, speaking people enhanced environmental education while at the same time they help develop children into ethically standing members of the community. Such traditions includes; Boys were advised not to urinate directly on the roads otherwise their parents will die, children are not to urinate in water bodies for frogs not to drink their urine and cause them to die at early age, girls were advised not to play together with boys otherwise they will not be married, men are not to cut down Big trees otherwise it will bring down the anger of the gods by shutting the clouds from raining etc, such traditional teachings influenced very much the behavior of the children and had a positive effect on the living conditions and towards the environment. This tradition is a capital importance and determines the moral behavior of the individuals in the community. Friction and hostility within these ethnic groups were seen as an offence against the intimates and against God who love peace. “The sensible sort of things” A just person is, therefore a person who is persuaded that there is a reasonable way of doing things; retaliation and vengeance as a reaction for being harmed are not measured reasonable ways for solving problems in traditional kakwa’s and keliko’s understanding.

Sebit martin ED CDC


Juba Social Media Workshop


The Social Media Workshop is an event organized by humanity South Sudan,a registered youth organizations operating since January 2014 in Jubek State. As an
Organization Humanity currently is Building Capacity of young people, develop skills and assists youth in peace-building process, including promoting community Development programs Business and supporting youth, Disadvantage Children and Elderly person in the State.

This workshop is intended to empower members of the community, interested youth and corporate companies to use the social media planning discipline of communication, interacting and advertising. You will learn to solve marketing problems through understanding how the media operate from the perspective of the advertiser, the agency, the young people and medium itself. We will discuss the planning, selection and evaluation of all major advertising media and consider the various decisions and problems that arise in those processes.

Therefore, the workshop is designed to cover the fundamentals of media planning with an emphasis on knowing and understanding media concepts, media research, we will also discuss and review current media situations in today’s world. A combination of conceptual presentations and detailed process-oriented assignments will be used to facilitate understanding of the fundamental concepts. This format will help you develop a sense of judgment that will be used to create a strategic media plan that will solve a complex social problem.


» Social media landscape and platform
» privacy and security in social media
» social media marketing» Personal and organizational branding
» organizational social media policy development
» planning, managing and executing social media strategy
» copyright and legal issues for social media
» social media content governance
» mobile social media
» web publishing, HTML, and basic content management systems
» social media technologies apps etc
» Open Media Lecture by CDC

Presentations will be done by Cepo South SudanCity Fm Humanity south sudan and Juba IT centre. 

Kakwa Fishing Methods


Photo taken by Sebit martin exposing the traditional fishing method adopted from the ancient people at Otogo Payam of Yei river county, south Sudan.

A tradition has been attached to the use of the above fishing method that for a person to catch many fish spices s/he is not to eat hot food prepared on the day they are going for the fishing. Cold food (left over) is instead advised, reason for this belief is that hot food may cause the hands to become hot and fish doesn’t lodge in hot hands so the ones who eats cold food attacks more fish spices into their hands and they become friends to fish.


Food Security and Farming

13014990_477423122442382_1032379858_n.jpgFood security for most households is still a huge issue. While the food secure households consume 3 meals per day, the composition of these meals does not guarantee a balanced diet as it is made of mainly cereals, vegetables and meat. Most of the households are moderately food secure consuming 2 meals per day and a few are food insecure taking 1 meal per day. Major fruits like mangoes are seasonal consumed only during the months of April and May. During the hunger gap which occurs in July, people resort to gathering wild foods and fruits as a survival strategy to take them across to the month of August when maize, a main staple food crop is harvested. At this time maize is available as green cobs and some families can process the green cobs into floor. Cassava is a major food security crop that is available all the year round for those households that have them. Thus it can be the main food consumed during the hunger gap. The local cash economy is inefficient and household income is generated through sales of food crops, cash crops like coffee and other products like honey, fish and game meat. The food crops sold at the local markets are: maize grains, sorghum, cow peas, beans, pumpkins and vegetables. Recent prices of food products have suddenly risen due to the current South Sudan economic downturn. For example, the price of a bucket of maize grains now sells at 150 South Sudanese Pounds compared to its price of 25 South Sudanese Pounds before the economic crises.

Farming is still practiced at subsistence basis. Crops grown are cereal crops like maize, sorghum, millet and upland rice; root crops such as cassava, sweet potatoes and yams; legumes such as cow peas, beans and green grams; and oil crops for example, sesame, groundnuts and sunflower. In some places fruits such as oranges, avocado, mangoes, guavas, bananas and pineapples are grown. Bananas can be grown all over Yei but most bananas come from Morobo County, Otogo and Lasu payams of Yei County. Small ruminants like goats and sheep, some cattle and poultry are also kept at some households. In some parts of Yei and Morobo counties coffee is a major cash crop which before the 21-year civil war was a substantial income provider. And because of this, many farmers were organized into cooperatives to strengthen farmer negotiating position on the prices of coffee and to encourage bulking of coffee products to facilitate access of desired quantities by coffee traders and merchants in the region. Some of these cooperatives still exist but the membership has changed over time as a new generation has inherited the institutions. Over the years, during the war and after the realization of peace, non-governmental organizations and the local governments have formed a number of farmer groups to facilitate the provision of extension services to different communities. These farmer groups still exist and continue to provide community structures for services and development initiatives. Attempts have been made at different times to introduce ox-plough to enable farmers to open more farm land but adoption of this technology has been slow. For this reason most farmers use the hand hoe for cultivation. In some places tractors supplied by the government are used for ploughing but tractor cultivation has been constraint by limited access to spare parts and inadequate local knowledge and skills for tractor repair, maintenance and use.

At the local level farming is constraint by a number of technological, economic, social and pests and diseases problems throughout its stages from land clearance, land preparation, planting, weeding, harvesting, processing and marketing. First farmers are unable to open up bigger farms as they have limited technological options available. Hand tools are increasingly being used for land clearance, land preparation, weeding and construction of crop storage space. If improved technology such as tractor and ox-plough is available, it is expensive and not affordable by poor households. As a result farms and household storage facilities are small and community storage facilities are non-existent because quantity of farm products is small. Markets for crop products are inefficient and unattractive to food crop wholesalers; farmers are unable to access distant markets due to poor road infrastructure and inadequate transport services. The level of knowledge and skills for most individuals remain traditional. Most households do not comply with good agronomic practices such as early planting and weeding resulting into heavy pest and disease infestation and tense competition of weeds with crops. Thus yields are reduced. High prevalence of livestock diseases and inadequate veterinary services cause death of livestock reducing household livelihoods diversity options. Health and socio-economic issues also contribute to lower the productive potential of farmers in rural areas. Prevalence of malaria and other diseases weaken the farmer who may not actively engage in farming as a result. In the same way migration of the youth to urban centers and unbalanced distribution of labor between men and women further result in loss of labor the rural economy needs to grow.



Water and Sanitation in Yei

In the absence of public water systems, most communities depend on streams, wells, boreholes and springs for their household water needs. There are many streams flowing into the main Yei/Mundri River along which people settle and these represent the major sources of water for communities settling near the streams. However, this water is not clean and safe for drinking and bathing as it is contaminated and are sources of waterborne diseases like bilharzia, guinea worm, cholera, typhoid and so on and disease vectors like snails. To prevent spread of waterborne diseases alternative sources of water such as boreholes, wells and protected springs have been provided. Water harvesting structures have been put in some schools as alternative sources of water when boreholes breakdown. Only some schools within Yei town have benefited from water harvesting installation projects and many schools across. In many places, the population is faced with issues of inadequate water points, dry boreholes and other water points during the dry season, contamination of water points by both wild and domestic animals as well as people bathing in open surface water sources, regular breakdown of boreholes, lack of spare parts and inadequate local hand pump mechanics. Public institutions such as schools, may have borehole water available, but at times may have no access when boreholes breakdown. The major visible feature of borehole operation across is the occurrence of long queues at these water points especially during the dry season. This overcrowding of boreholes is the result of many reasons. In some places where number of boreholes are sufficient to meet the basic needs of the population for water, some boreholes not having been drilled to standards, dry up during the dry season while others breakdown leaving fewer boreholes functional into which most of the population gather to fetch water. This occurs in a local context of lack of spare parts and inadequate pump mechanics available and community unable to pay for water repair and maintenance. Arrangements have been made in many water points where water management committees have been created